Red-eyed tree frogs live in the tropical lowlands and hills of northern South America, Central America and southern Mexico near rivers and other sources of water. These nocturnal amphibians feed mainly on grasshoppers, crickets, flies and other insects, as well as smaller frogs. Their average lifespan in the wild is about five years.
Red-eyed Tree Frog
Scientific & Common Names
Kingdom - Animalia
Phylum - Chordata
Class - Amphibia
Order - Anura
Family - Hylidae
Genus - Agalychnis
Species - A. callidryas
Common Names - Red-eyed Tree Frog, Red-eyed Leaf Frog
Red-eyed tree frogs have brightly colored bodies that range from neon green to blue or yellow. They have light-colored stripes on their sides, bright blue upper legs and red or orange feet. They also have large red eyes that help them see in the dark and scare off predators. Adults typically measure between 2 to 3 inches in length, with females being slightly larger than males.
Red-eyed tree frogs typically breed during the rainy season. Males croak and quiver in order to attract females. Unlike many other frog species, red-eyed tree frogs lay their eggs on the undersides of leaves instead of in the water. When the eggs hatch, tadpoles emerge and slide off the leaf and into nearby water.
Red-eyed tree frogs protect themselves from predators by flashing their red eyes and showing their red or orange feet. These flashes of color are called startle coloration and give the frogs time to jump to a safer place after distracting the predator. They can also change color depending on their mood. Red-eyed tree frogs hunt for food at night and rest during the day. They use their long, sticky tongue to catch insects and other prey.
Red-eyed tree frogs have been an abundant species in their current range. Although habitat loss and the pet trade have led to some decline, this species has not experienced a significant decrease in population over the years.
Red-eyed tree frogs are listed as Least Concern, although their population is slowly declining. Habitat loss, especially from rainforest destruction, is the main threat that this species faces. Red-eyed tree frogs are protected in several parks found throughout their range.